Sunday, 19 January 2014

ANIME-Industry :- The animation industry consists of more than 430 production companies with some of the major studios including Toei Animation, Gainax, Madhouse, Gonzo, Sunrise, Bonesand Studio Ghibli. Many of the studios are organized into a trade association, The Association of Japanese Animations. There is also a labor unionfor workers in the industry, the Japanese Animation Creators Association. Studios will often work together to produce more complex and costly projects, as done with Studio Ghibli's Spirited Away. An anime episode can cost between US$100,000 and US$300,000 to produce. In 2001, animation accounted for 7% of the Japanese film market, above the 4.6% market share for live-action works. [The popularity and success of anime is seen through the profitability of the DVD market, contributing nearly 70% of total sales. The anime market for the United States was worth approximately $2.74 billion in 2009. [Dubbed animation began airing in the United States in 2000 on networks like The WBand Cartoon Network's Adult Swim.18In 2005, this resulted in five of the top ten anime titles having previously aired on Cartoon Network. As a part of localization, some editingof cultural references may occur to better follow the references of the non-Japanese culture. The cost of English localization averages US $10,000 per episode. The industry has been subject to both praise and condemnation for fansubs, the addition of unlicensed and unauthorized subtitled translations of anime series or films. Fansubs, which were originally distributed on VHS bootlegged cassettes in the 1980s, have been freely available and disseminated online since the 1990s. Fansubbers tend to adhere to an unwritten code to destroy or no longer distribute an anime once an official translated or subtitled version becomes licensed, although fansubs typically continue to circulate through file sharing networks.

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