Thursday, 13 March 2014

History Of Manga Shōjo manga And Ladies' Comics From 1975 To Today (2):- With the super heroines, shōjo manga continued to break away from neo-Confucianist norms of female meekness and obedience. Naoko Takeuchi's Sailor Moon (Bishōjo Senshi Sēramūn: "Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon") is a sustained, 18-volume narrative about a group of young heroines simultaneously heroic and introspective, active and emotional, dutiful and ambitious. The combination proved extremely successful, andSailor Moon became internationally popular in both manga and anime formats. Another example is CLAMP's Magic Knight Rayearth,whose three young heroines, Hikaru, Umi, and Fuu, are magically transported to the world of Cephiro to become armed magical warriors in the service of saving Cephiro from internal and external enemies. The super heroine subgenre also extensively developed the notion of teams ( sentai) of girls working together, ike the Sailor Senshiin Sailor Moon, the Magic Knights in Magic Knight Rayearth, and the Mew Mew girls from Mia Ikumi's Tokyo Mew Mew. By today, the superheroine narrative template has been widely used and parodied within theshōjo manga tradition (e.g., Nao Yazawa's Wedding Peach and Hyper Runeby Tamayo Akiyama) and outside that tradition, e.g., in bishōjocomedies like Kanan's Galaxy Angel In the mid-1980s and thereafter, as girls who had read shōjo manga as teenagers matured and entered the job market, shōjo manga elaborated subgenres directed at women in their 20s and 30s. This "Ladies Comic" orredisu-joseisubgenre has dealt with themes of young adulthood: jobs, the emotions and problems of sexual intercourse, and friendships or love among women. Redisu manga retains many of the narrative stylistics ofshōjo manga but has been drawn by and written for adult women. Redisu manga and art has been often, but not always, sexually explicit, but sexuality has characteristically been set into complex narratives of pleasure and erotic arousal combined with emotional risk. Examples include Ryō Ramiya'sLuminous Girls, Masako Watanabe's Kinpeibai and the work of Shungicu Uchida Another subgenre ofshōjo-redisu manga deals with emotional and sexual relationships among women ( akogare and yuri), in work by Erica Sakurazawa, Ebine Yamaji, and Chiho Saito. Other subgenres ofshōjo-redisu manga have also developed, e.g., fashion (oshare) manga, like Ai Yazawa's Paradise Kiss and horror-vampire-gothic manga, like Matsuri Hino's Vampire Knight, Kaori Yuki'sCain Saga, and Mitsukazu Mihara's DOLL, which interact with street fashions, costume play (" cosplay"), J-Popmusic, and gothsubcultures in complex ways.

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