Saturday, 1 March 2014

Manga in Europe:- Manga has influenced European cartooning in a way that is some what different than in the U.S.. Broadcast anime in Italy and France opened the European market to manga during the 1970s. French art has borrowed from Japan since the 19th century ( Japonisme), and has its own highly developed tradition of bande dessinéecartooning. In France, beginning in the mid-1990s, manga has proven very popular to a wide readership, accounting for about one-third of comics sales in France since 2004. According to the Japan External Trade Organization, sales of manga reached $212.6 million within France and Germany alone in 2006. France represents about 50% of the European market and is the second worldwide market, behind Japan. European publishers marketing manga translated into French include Glénat, Asuka, Casterman, Kana, and Pika Édition, among others. European publishers also translate manga into German, Italian, Dutch, and other languages. In 2007, about 70% of all comics sold in Germany were manga. Manga publishers based in the United Kingdom include Gollanczand Titan Books. Manga publishers from the United States have a strong marketing presence in the United Kingdom: for example, the Tanoshimiline from Random House.

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